Ontology

Ontology
 
Ontology in Knowledge Engineering is a conceptualization of a domain defined in a language understandable both by humans and computers (“an ontology is an explicit specification of a conceptualization.” T. Gruber, 1993).
 
Shared by a community of practice, an ontology specifies a consensual knowledge ground for defining terms in a specialized domain (a term is a “verbal designation of a concept” [ISO 1087-1: “Terminology work – Vocabulary – Part 1: Theory and application”]).
 
Combining terminology and ontology leads to the notion of ontoterminology, a terminology whose conceptual system is a formal ontology. Ontoterminology opens up new axes of research and finds many applications in domains such as the semantic web, digital humanities and the industrial world.

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